June 2, 2016

Faba Beans

 

FABA BEANS
Seeding

·         Faba beans are a long season crop, and as such should be one of the first crops in the ground. Planting as soon as soil temperatures reach 3-5C helps yields reach their full potential and improves harvestability

·         A consistent 1.5- 2” depth is critical in avoiding crop damage due to premature emergence. Additionally, large seed size can cause blockages in distributors, metering devices and outlets in seeders

·         High seeding rates help with standability and pod maturity

 

Fertility

·         Faba beans fix up to 90% of their required nitrogen directly from the soil, eliminating the need for nitrogen fertilizer application

·         Meeting the high phosphate demand is crucial in providing maximum yields to fabas; high-salt phosphate fertilizer must still be kept properly spaced away from planted seeds

 

Pest Management

·         Faba beans are registered for multiple classes of herbicide for weed control. Fields should be scouted early to optimize application timing

·         Fungal diseases can result in major yield and quality losses. Chocolate Spot, Anthracnose and many leaf diseases require early chemical control to reduce losses

 

Harvest

·         Faba beans produce a high amount of biomass and better standability than peas. Headers typically pick up more of the pods than other pulses

·         Fabas can be harvested after swathing or straight cut after drying down with a desiccant. Attempting to straight cut without desiccant will result in significant losses due to pod shatter